Source: E-Compendium on Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar
By Dr.Anand Teltumbde
 
Foreword In Homage
Important Life-events
Writings and Speeches
Debates/ Interviews
Dr.B.R.Ambedkar's Handwriting
Portraits/ Family Album
Images of the Movement
Dr.Ambedkar original Interview
Immortal Voice
Video Clip
General Bibliography
ECompendium Dr.B.R.Ambedkar By Dr.Anand Teltumbde Info
Dr.Anand Teltumbde wikipedia
Jaibhim.com Inauguration
DownLoad Dr.B.R.Ambedkar Writtings and Speeches Volume in PDF

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CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

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Constitution of India
India ie. Bharat is a Union of States. It is a Sovereign Socialist Democratic Republic with a parliamentary system of government. The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950.

The Constitution provides for a Parliamentary form of government which is federal in structure with certain unitary features. The constitutional head of the Executive of the Union is the President. As per Article 79 of the Constitution of India, the council of the Parliament of the Union consists of the President and two Houses to be known as the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (Lok Sabha). Article 74(1) of the Constitution provides that there shall be a Council of Ministers with a Prime Minister as its head to aid and advise the President, who shall exercise his functions in accordance to the advice. The real executive power is thus vested in the Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head.

The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the House of the People (Lok Sabha). Every State has a Legislative Assembly. Certain States have an upper House called State Legislative Council. Governor is the Head of a State. There shall be a Governor for each State and the executive power of the State shall be vested in him. The council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as its head advises the Governor in the discharge of the executive functions. The Council of the Ministers of a state is collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly of the State.

The Constitution distributes legislative powers between Parliament and State legislatures as per the lists of entries in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution. The residual powers vest in the Parliament. The centrally administered territories are called Union Territories.

 

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